Shih Tzu pros and cons

Shih Tzus are a popular toy breed originating from Tibet, known for their affectionate, friendly nature and distinctive appearance. As with any breed, there are pros and cons to owning a Shih Tzu. Here’s a look at the various advantages and disadvantages associated with this breed, in order to provide a comprehensive understanding of what to expect when owning a Shih Tzu.

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Shih Tzu pros and cons


  • Affectionate and friendly temperament: Shih Tzus are known for their loving and sociable nature. They are particularly fond of human companionship and enjoy spending time with their owners. This makes them an ideal choice for individuals or families seeking a companion dog that thrives on attention and affection.
  • Adaptable to various living environments: Shih Tzus can adapt well to different living situations, including apartments and smaller homes. Their small size and relatively low exercise requirements make them suitable for urban living and for owners who may not have access to large outdoor spaces.
  • Good with children and other pets: Due to their friendly and gentle nature, Shih Tzus generally get along well with children and other pets, making them a suitable choice for families. It is important, however, to teach children how to interact appropriately with dogs, and to always supervise interactions between dogs and young children.
  • Low shedding: Shih Tzus have a double coat that sheds minimally, making them a good option for people with allergies or those who prefer a lower-maintenance dog in terms of shedding. Regular grooming is still required to keep their coat healthy and free of tangles.
  • Suitable for first-time dog owners: Shih Tzus are a good option for first-time dog owners, due to their friendly and adaptable nature. While all dogs require time and commitment, Shih Tzus are generally considered to be a more manageable breed for those who are new to dog ownership.


  • Grooming requirements: One of the main drawbacks of owning a Shih Tzu is their extensive grooming needs. Their long, luxurious coat requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles. Professional grooming appointments are also necessary to keep the coat trimmed and clean. Owners can learn to groom their Shih Tzus at home, but this requires time, patience, and practice.
  • Health issues: Shih Tzus are prone to certain health problems, including brachycephalic syndrome (due to their short snouts), hip dysplasia, dental issues, and eye problems. It is important for prospective owners to be aware of these health concerns and to choose a reputable breeder to minimize the risk of genetic disorders. Regular veterinary care and a balanced diet can help maintain a Shih Tzu’s overall health.
  • Housebreaking difficulties: Shih Tzus can be challenging to housebreak due to their stubborn nature. Consistent training, patience, and positive reinforcement are essential for successful housebreaking. Crate training and a regular schedule can also be helpful in teaching a Shih Tzu proper bathroom habits.
  • Potential for separation anxiety: Shih Tzus are known to form strong bonds with their owners and may develop separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. This can result in destructive behavior or excessive barking. Owners should gradually acclimate their Shih Tzus to being alone and consider options such as doggy daycare or a pet sitter for times when extended absences are unavoidable.
  • Exercise and weight management: While Shih Tzus are not a high-energy breed, they still require regular exercise to maintain their health and weight. Obesity can be a problem for Shih Tzus, so it is important to provide them with daily walks and playtime to keep them active and fit. Owners should also be mindful of their Shih Tzu’s diet, ensuring they are fed a balanced and appropriate diet, and avoid overfeeding or providing too many treats.
  • Stubbornness and training challenges: Shih Tzus can be strong-willed and stubborn, which can make training more challenging. Consistent, positive reinforcement-based training methods are necessary to teach obedience and good manners. Owners should start training early in their Shih Tzu’s life and be patient and persistent throughout the process.
  • Potential for barking: Shih Tzus can be vocal dogs, sometimes barking in response to unfamiliar noises or when they seek attention. While their barking may not be as loud as that of larger breeds, it can still be bothersome, especially in shared living spaces such as apartment complexes. Training and socialization can help address excessive barking, and owners should be prepared to invest time in managing this behavior.


Shih Tzus are affectionate, friendly dogs that can make wonderful companions for individuals or families. While they have several advantages, such as their adaptability to various living environments and low-shedding coats, they also come with certain challenges, including extensive grooming needs, potential health issues, and stubbornness during training. Prospective owners should carefully consider these pros and cons when deciding if a Shih Tzu is the right fit for their lifestyle and be prepared to invest the necessary time and effort into providing a loving, well-rounded environment for their pet.

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